Exposure and Response Prevention Therapy (ERP) is based on Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT). The concept of CBT, the other most effective and highly researched therapy for various disorders, is that there are three contributing factors:
- the way you think
- the way you feel
- the way you behave.
While many therapies will focus only on the way you think and feel, it is really the behavior that needs to be the focus when it comes to addiction because behavioral change is the ultimate measure of whether or not a person is still an addict. If they continue to avoid and seek reassurance, they will continue to use. If they face what it is they are afraid of, then they learn that they can handle it, and therefore, the need for using diminishes.